Between capitalist and communist society there lies the period of the revolutionary transformation of the one into the other. Corresponding to this is also a political transition period in which the state can be nothing, but the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat.—Critique of the Gotha Program (1875)
The dictatorship of the proletariat is not a dictatorship in the classical roman sense. It is a class dictatorship, where a class is dominant. Therefore, the dictatorship of the proletariat is the proletariat expressing its political hegemony. The proletariat is the class which sells its labour to survive, the proletariat is you and I. If you have a boss, you are proletarian.
Now, the world lives under capitalism, the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie, i.e. the bourgeoisie, the capitalists, factory owners, those who own the means of production, who subsist solely off others people’s labour and by exploiting. Whoever you vote in will be rich, and they will act in their own interests, using the state as a tool to exercise their political hegemony.
The state would be ran though soviets, in which workers elect representatives, which are recallable and accountable. The delegates would go in and pass their views to a larger soviet that encompasses a certain area, and is made up of a number of delegates from the basic soviets. This continues until we get to the soviet that covers the whole country.
This would allow the people to have control over their area, workplaces and lives, and they will undoubtably peruse their class interests.
The flag translates to Paris commune, which is widely accepted as the first dictatorship of the proletariat, and served as a lesson to what happens if one is too liberal in a revolution.