Tag Archives: Irish

The Orange Order

By Barry Mellows

Oppose the Orange Order because you are not Sectarian.

The Orange Order’s foundations were laid in the “Peep O’ Day Boys” . This was a Protestant Organisation set up to retaliate against perceived injustices laid upon the Protestant man. The name “Peep O’Days” was derived from their attacks upon Catholics in the pursuit of arms, occurring between nightfall and dawn. As those perceived to be persecuting them were also Protestant their grievances were soon quelled and thus the “Peep O’Days” evolved in to an organisation solely committed to ethnically cleansing Ulster from Catholics. The infamous notice they placed on the doors of Catholic tenancies read :

“To hell or to Connaught with you, you bloody Papists! and if you are not gone by the morrow we will come and destroy yourselves and your properties. We all hate the Papists here.”

Henry Joy McCracken first came to the attention of the British as a result of his efforts to unify the Defenders and Peep O’Days under the banner of the United Irish Men. He was Gaoled for these efforts at political unity.

To break up the possible union and protect the sectarian divisions necessary to keep Ireland occupied, the British then scare-mongered the Protestant ascendancy by propagating falsehoods such as Catholics about to assume power in Ireland etc, They also set up organisations which linked State and Union with Protestant faith and fervor.

The “Peep O’Days” were infiltrated and connived to resume their attacks on Catholics, the defenders resumed their defense but this time each defender action was Publicised effectively as a “Catholic perpetrated atrocity” The Strategy was to create a siege mentality and manipulate protestant fears enough to lead them to committing a massacre and thereby undermine the United Irish men’;s efforts at unity.

The intended Massacre arrived in Loughgal on the 21st September 1795 where the Peep O’ Days murdered up to 30 Catholics in what was published as “The Battle of the Diamond” but it had been preceeded by dozens of grizley sectarian murders upon innocent Catholics.

As the Battle of the Diamond clearly represented a stark degeneration in to genocidal tendency, to protect the Peep O’Days the Protestant ascendancy – Judges etc, called a meeting that night and formed the mother lodge of the Orange Society, this would protect the sectarian murderers of the Peep O’Days on the condition they continued their sectarian murder campaign to break the United Irish mens efforts at unity.

The Orange order was founded to protect sectarian murderers from a murder gang, and encourage them to commit more sectarian murder. The murdering of Catholics enshrines sectarianism and prevents Irish Men from uniting. This consolidates a union with Britain that is fastened with the blood of our people.

1795 seems along time ago until you recall 1998 and the LVF being Protected by the DUP and Orange Order, and little boys being burned to death in Ballymoney.

This is the history the Orange Order “Celebrates”. Oppose it.

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The 100th anniversary of the Dublin Lock outs

By Barry Mellows

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the Dublin lockouts. A lot has changed in the Irish labour movements since the time of Larkin and Connolly. The Trade union that was created by Jim Larkin to organise the workers to fight back at the bosses for better pay and working conditions, the Irish Transport and General Workers Union has been taken over by Bureaucrats. The now S.I.P.T.U instead of protecting the worker against the greed of capital it would now appear that S.I.P.T.U is protecting the interests of capital instead of the worker. A lot has changed since 1913. Larkin and his comrades were imprisoned many times for the their involvement in strikes and trade union activity. Larkin and Connolly were influenced from revolutionary philosophies like marxism and syndicalism. Syndicalism promotes workers control of the work place. I don’t think there are many trade union leaders these days that would risk imprisonment or their big wage and position. In Larkin’s day apayed trade unionist would get payed the average industrial wage. Now they get payed three, four, five, six times the average industrial wage.
It was things like militant unionism, socialism and strong labour political action that inspired the I.T.G.W.U.
Now its leadership is inspired by money corruption and greed. What has happened to militant unionism, support for socialism and strong labour political action?

This what Lenin said about Larkin:

It has found a talented leader in the person of Comrade Larkin, the secretary of the Irish Transport workers Union. Possessing remarkable oratorical talent, a man of seething Irish energy, Larkin has performed miracles among the unskilled workers…

From the establishment of the I.T.G.W.U. it was heavily involved in strikes all over the country. The big capitalists created their own organization called “Employers Federation” to combat the treat of what was called Larrikinism.
In August 1913, William Martin Murphy began to smash the I.T.G.W.U. He told workers in the dispatch department of his newspaper Company that they had to leave the I.T.G.W.U. or they would be fired. The I.T.G.W.U. picked any shop that sold the Irish Independent news paper. The I.T.G.W.U. members were locked out on the 26 August.700 workers from William Martin Murphy Tramway Company went on strike. William Martin Murphy called a meeting of the Dublin Employers Federation. On 3 September 400 big capitalists in Dublin locked out all their workers. By 22 September 25,000 workers had been locked out, including the workers families one third of the population of Dublin. There was to be a public meeting in support of the strikers to be held for Sunday the 31 august at O’ Connell street. It was to be addressed by Larkin. On the Thursday 28 august Larkin and others from I.T.G.W.U. were arrested. They were given bail on the understanding that they would not break the law.

On the Friday the public meeting was banned. But the meeting went ahead. Larkin was arrested when he appeared at a window of one of William Martin Murphy hotels to address the crowed. Then the police began to baton the crowed. Two people were killed and hundreds were injured. It was known as bloody Sunday.

This what Lenin said about bloody Sunday “In Dublin, the capital of Ireland a city of not a highly industrial type, with a population of half a million the class struggle, which permeates the whole life of the capitalist society everywhere, has become accentuated to the point of class war. The police have gone positively wild; drunken policemen assault peaceful workers, break into houses, torment the aged, women and children. Hundreds of workers (over 400) have been injured and two killed- such are the casualties of this war. All prominent leaders of the workers have been arrested. People are thrown into prison for making the most peaceful speeches. The city is like an armed camp”

Connolly was also arrested and was sentenced to three months because he wouldn’t recognise the court. He was released after a week because he went on hunger strike. On 3 of September 50,000 workers marched behind the coffin of James Nolan, one of the workers murdered by the police. Men from the I.T.G.W.U guarded the crowed with make sift arms this was the start of the Irish Citizen Army. The police were not to be seen anywhere near the funeral.

This what Lenin said;

On Thursday, September 4, Nolan’s funeral took place. The proletariat of Dublin followed in a procession 50,000 strong behind the body of their comrade. The police brutes lay low, not daring to irritate the crowed and exemplary order prevailed….

When Larkin got released he went to England and Scotland to look for support from the British trade union congress. But the leader ship would not give the strikers any support. A few trade unions donated money to the strikers and their families. A few thousand workers came out on strike in support of the Dublin strikers.

The Dublin strike committee appealed to the British trade union congress for financial aid so the strikers and their families didn’t starve. They would not give any aid.

On 27 October Larkin was jailed for seven months. He was released after 17 days because of the public outcry. Larkin then went on “fiery cross campaign of public meetings” all over England, Scotland and Wales. Thousands came to here Larkin speak. Larkin appealed to the workers for a general strike. But the British trade union congress was against the strike, I.T.G.W.U. and Larkin. The leadership of the British trade unions would not support the Dublin strikers. The British trade union leaders betrayed the Dublin workers. The strike was eventually lost. The Dublin workers and their families were staffed into submission.

The strike was not a total failure; the Dublin workers showed the world their revolutionary strength and courage. And the Dublin workers created the first workers militia, the Irish Citizen Army. The Irish Citizen Army would go on to play a major leading role in the Easter Rising.

The lock out showed the reactionary bourgeois character of Sinn Fein. Arthur Griffith supported and defended the capitalists. The lockout broth revolutionary republicanism and labour together. All the men that signed the proclamation of the 1916 rising were in support of the strikers during the lockout.

There is no comparison in the trade unions of today compeered to Larkin’s trade unionism for helping to organize the workers so they can fight back at the greedy capitalist. Now the trade union leaders are the protectors and the lackeys of capitalism.

Opposing Sectarian Orange March

By Barry Mellows

Opposing an Orange March in Newtown; in the Parish of Galoon Co. Fermanagh, The province of Ulster, Ireland and the whole entire world.

We should never localise opposition to universal wrong and injustice or place parochial garb upon continuing apartheid. As Irish Republican Socialists in the shadow of a long war Psyop called “Ulsterisation” we need to recall and expound the words of possibly the greatest revolutionary of our time Dominic McGlinchey who said :

“I am an ordinary republican socialist,who is determined to strive for a free socialist Ireland. I am also an internationalist as all true socialists are”.

As internationalists our opposition to sectarianism and supremacy; apartheid and injustice, is always universal and should be as prevalent in Palestine as it is present on the streets of Ardoyne.

It is wrong to have an Organisation like the Orange Order anywhere –They are a reactionary expression of triumphalism built soley, all those years ago to undermine efforts aimed towards building a united and secular society of equality and fostering fraternal aspirations; and doing so by promoting hate of man and sectarian atrocity.

They are encouraged to act in the way that they do today by the British Government, their actions are bolstered by Loyalist Terrorists who are directed by the British Government and their will is appeased by National collaborationists whose interests are served by the British Government and all of it is another game played on the backs of the worker to copper fasten foreign rule over the indigenous people.

Tonight in Newtownbutler opposition will be expressed to this wrong.

Newtown is the saxon name imposed on Aghagay (Field of geese) in the parish of Galoon South Fermanagh situated on the Fermanagh / Monaghan County line.
The people are predominantly nationalist, known names are Canon Tom Maguire a ferociously anti-partitionist Priest and sadly the names of Michael Naan and Andrew Murray became representative of the British Governments nefarious hold on Ireland here.

In 1972 Michael Naan and his Farm hand and Neighbour Andrew Murray were butchered in the most savage crazed attack imaginable. The killings became known as the “Pitchfork murders”. Initially the British suggested these gruesome murders had been carried out by local loyalists in retaliation for the assassination of a UDR militia man near the town the previous year.

The reality however is that a passing patrol of the Argyle and Sutherland highlanders, British Crown Forces, blood thirsty on tales of savagery from Aden decided to carry out the murder of two innocent farmers and stoke up the fires of sectarian hatred required to keep Ireland occupied and at war.

So frenzied and sadistic was the attack on these Newtown men that years later in the hunt for the Yorkshire ripper the brutal descriptions of victims injuries led a former Soldier to recall the scene he had witnessed in Newtown and to report it to Ripper detectives. Eventually 2 soldiers were sentenced for the murders the recorded confession of a staff sergeant read:

‘I did it. I did the killings. I killed them and they just wouldn’t stop screaming. Oh my god – I have been having bloody nightmares about it’.

Others in that patrol, including the officer in command were also convicted in relation to them. No-one was convicted or tried for, and no explanation was offered for the British Governments concealing of these murders and their protecting of those who perpetrated these murders because these murders were orchestrated by the British Government to promote the theory that sectarian atrocity had occurred in Newtown and so further separate the Irish People of Newtown from each other and freedom.

The march planned through Newtown among other things is intended to celebrate the likes of this atrocity and ram it in the face of those men’s friends and family all for the culture of British Rule in Ireland.

It is also orchestrated by the British Government as an act to further separate the Irish People of Newtown from each other and freedom

What ever reason you decide to oppose this evil in Newtown – Use your feet and hit the street.

James Connolly and the Uprising of 1916

By Jim Hargreaves

One hundred years ago the Irish Citizen Army was founded in response to the brutality of strikebreaking in Ireland, which was mainly done by the Dublin Metropolitan Police. It’s aim was to defend strikers and workers from the barbaric attacks of the police.

One of the co-founders of the ICA was a man called James Connolly.

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By 1915, Britain had as much control of Ireland as it did over England. Home rule was suspended until the end of the war, and Connolly’s paper ‘The Workers’ Republic was shut down by the authorities in Dublin castle.

James Connolly was appointed acting General Secretary of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union. By now, Connolly had become very militant. He paraded units of the Irish Citizens Army in Dublin, but such displays made those who had left the Irish Volunteers and gone to the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) very anxious, as they were planning to start an uprising. They felt that such displays would attract the attention of the authorities, which would crush the uprising before it even began. In an effort to bring Connolly on board and to tame his more wild displays of militancy, the IRB took him into their confidence. Connolly was told about the planned rebellion for Easter 1916. After this, Connolly took an active part in the preparations and he was appointed Military Commander of the Republican Forces in Dublin, which encompassed the Irish Citizens Army.

When the uprising started on Monday 24th April, James Connolly was one of the seven signatories to the Proclamation. Connolly was in command of the General Post Office during the rebellion – the rebels headquarters. He was severely wounded during the fighting and was arrested once the rebels had surrendered. After the surrender, Connolly stated this:

“Don’t worry. Those of us that signed the proclamation will be shot. But the rest of you will be set free.”

He was court-martialled in a military hospital in Dublin. Charged with treason, there was no doubt as to what the verdict and punishment would be.

At his court martial, Connolly made the following statement:

“We want to break the connection between this country and the British Empire, and to establish an Irish Republic. ”

“We succeeded in proving that Irishmen are ready to die endeavouring to win for Ireland those national rights which the British government has been asking them to die, to win for Belgium. As long as that remains the case, the cause of Irish freedom is safe. I personally thank God that I have lived to see the day when thousands of Irish men and boys, and hundreds of Irish women and girls, were ready to affirm that truth, and to attest it with their lives if need be”

James Connolly was sentenced to death. Some of the employers with whom he had battled in the ‘Great Lock-Out’ of 1913, called on the British government to execute Connolly.

On May 12th,1916, Connolly was shot by firing squad. He had been taken by military ambulance to Kilmainham Prison, carried on a stretcher to a courtyard in the prison, tied to a chair and shot. With the other executed rebels, his body was put into a mass grave with no coffin. All the executions of the rebels angered many Irish people who had shown little support for the rebels during the rebellion. However, it was the circumstances of Connolly’s execution that created the most anger.

Connolly was among the few European members of the Second International who opposed, outright, World War I. This put him at odds with most of the socialist leaders of Europe, most of whom betrayed the working class by condoning an imperialist land-grab which pitted proletarian against proletarian.

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